SERMON ON THE MOUNT (II)


哀恸的人有福了!因为他们必得安慰。(馬太福音 5:4)

1. 哀恸

a. 我们中的许多人都经历过失去爱人或朋友关系受损时的痛苦 b. 有些人甚至会因为朋友或亲人的背叛而感到哀恸 c. 就象大卫王一,我们希望能够逃离或是藏起来躲避痛苦: 4我心在我里面甚是疼痛;死的惊惶临到我身。5恐惧战兢归到我身;惊恐漫过了我。6我说:但愿我有翅膀像鸽子,我就飞去,得享安息。7我必远游,宿在旷野。8我必速速逃到避所,脱离狂风暴雨。 (詩篇 55:4-8, NLV) d. 我们都希望在我们哀恸时得到安慰 e. 在这个祝福里,耶稣却说,“哀恸的人有福了”,为什么这样说呢?

2. 我们在一个娱乐至尚的年代.人们在寻找各式的娱乐方式来让自己快乐。在2010年,人们花了US$7450亿在娱乐上.尽管这样,这个世界上的人并不快乐,事实上越来越多的不开心。

3. 耶稣说: “你们喜笑的人有祸了!因为你们将要哀恸哭泣。” >(路加福音 6:25) 但是 “哀恸的人有福了!因为他们必得安慰。”(馬太福音 5:4)

4. 当我们失去爱人或生病时,哀恸是正常的;当我们失去工作或孤独时,哀恸也是正常的。但是耶稣指的哀恸并不是这类的痛苦。在圣经里,这种哀恸是指不能得到永生的哀恸: 因为依着神的意思忧愁,就生出没有後悔的懊悔来。以致得救;但世俗的忧愁是叫人死。(歌林多後書 7:10) 耶稣指的是依着神的忧愁. 只有依着神的哀恸能够带来永生,因为依着神的哀恸能让你悔改,而悔改能够带来神的宽恕从而得到永生

5. 上周,我们学习了“清心的人有福了,神国是他们的” (马太福音 5:3). 当我们认为我们不好时,我们的灵就崩塌了且无助,只有这样,我们才能进入神的国。想象一下,我们因为灵里的贫乏而哀恸,我们哀恸的是我们的罪。因为我们有罪而灵里贫乏,这样我就知道了,我们是因为暃而哀恸。

6. 当大卫国犯下杀人和奸淫罪时,他哀恸向神忏悔: 神啊,求你按你的慈爱怜恤我!按你丰盛的慈悲涂抹我的过犯! 2求你将我的罪孽洗除净尽,并洁除我的罪! 3因为,我知道我的过犯;我的罪常在我面前。 4我向你犯罪,惟独得罪了你;在你眼前行了这恶,以致你责备我的时候显为公义,判断我的时候显为清正。 5我是在罪孽里生的,在我母亲怀胎的时候就有了罪。 6你所喜爱的是内里诚实;你在我隐密处,必使我得智慧。 7求你用牛膝草洁净我,我就乾净;求你洗涤我,我就比雪更白。 8求你使我得听欢喜快乐的声音,使你所压伤的骨头可以踊跃。 9求你掩面不看我的罪,涂抹我一切的罪孽。 10神啊,求你为我造清洁的心,使我里面重新有正直的灵。 11不要丢弃我,使我离开你的面;不要从我收回你的圣灵。 12求你使我仍得救恩之乐,赐我乐意的灵扶持我(詩篇 51:1-12)

a. 大卫王深深地为自己的罪哀恸,把自己完全地交给神,因为他知道神的仁慈的 b. 在这里,大卫王忏悔自己的罪,请求神给他一颗清洁的心,他请求神能够重新给他一颗坚定的心,从里到外的清洁他。 c. 当我们真正地悔改时,神的反应是: 得赦免其过、遮盖其罪的,这人是有福的! 2凡心里没有诡诈、耶和华不算为有罪的,这人是有福的!(詩篇 32:1-2)

7. 这就是耶稣讲的“哀恸的人有福了!因为他们必得安慰”

8. 祝福是在当我们哀恸时,我们得到神的宽恕里,

9. 但是,如果你拒绝为你的罪忏悔和悔改,那你会活在痛苦里. 3我闭口不认罪的时候,因终日唉哼而骨头枯乾。 4黑夜白日,你的手在我身上沉重;我的精液耗尽,如同夏天的乾旱。(詩篇 32:3-4) 你的罪当越来越沉重直到你被催垮.

10. 但是当你向神忏悔时,你会得到他的宽恕: 我向你陈明我的罪,不隐瞒我的恶。我说:我要向耶和华承认我的过犯,你就赦免我的罪恶。(詩篇 32:5)

11. 就象大卫王一样,我们可以高唱: 你是我藏身之处;你必保佑我脱离苦难,以得救的乐歌四面环绕我。(詩篇 32:7) >>>

Blessed are those who mourn, for they shall be comforted. (Matthew 5:4)

1. Mourning

a. Many of us have experienced periods of grief over the loss of a loved one or over disappointments in friendships. b. Some of us may even be mourning now because we have been betrayed by the person we love – a husband, a wife, a friend. c. Like David, we long to run away and hide: 4 My heart is in pain within me. The fears of death have come upon me. 5 I have begun shaking with fear. Fear has power over me.6 And I say, “If only I had wings like a dove, I would fly away and be at rest. 7 Yes, I would go far away. I would live in the desert.8 I would hurry to my safe place, away from the wild wind and storm.” (Psalms 55:4-8, NLV) d. We all long for comfort in the midst of our mourning. e. In this beatitude, Jesus says, in effect, “Happy are you when you are sad.” How can it be? How can the sad be happy?”

2. We live in an ‘entertainment-mentality’ age. People are looking for ways to entertain themselves. Consumers spend big money on entertainment. In 2010, consumers spent US$745 billion (that’s US$745 million million!). (source: “The Sky is Rising” report 2012 published by “Techdirt”). Despite this, the world is not a happier place. In fact, it has become more miserable.

3. Jesus says: “Woe to you who laugh now, for you will mourn and weep.” >(Luke 6:25, NIV) But “Blessed are those who mourn, for they shall be comforted.” (Matthew 5:4)

4. It is proper for us to mourn over the loss of a loved one or when our loved ones get sick. It is also normal that we mourn over the loss of a job or over our loneliness. However, Jesus was not referring to this kind of mourning. The Bible in fact says that this kind of mourning does not lead to eternal life: Godly sorrow brings repentance that leads to salvation and leaves no regret, but worldly sorrow brings death. (2 Cor. 7:10, NIV) Jesus was referring to “godly sorrow”. Only godly sorrow brings life. Godly sorrow brings you to repentance and God responds to repentance with forgiveness, and forgiveness brings life.

5. Last week we learned “Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.” (Matt. 5:3). When we recognise that we nothing good lives in us, and that we are spiritually bankrupt and helpless, only then can we enter the kingdom of God. Realising that we are poor in spirit leads us to “mourn”. We mourn over our sins. We are poor in spirit because we are sinful. Now that we know, we mourn because of the sins in our lives.

6. When king David was convicted of his sins of adultery and murder, he went into mourning over his sins and confessed to God: 1Have mercy on me, O God, according to your unfailing love; according to your great compassion blot out my transgressions. 2 Wash away all my iniquity and cleanse me from my sin. 3 For I know my transgressions, and my sin is always before me. 4 Against you, you only, have I sinned and done what is evil in your sight; 7Cleanse me with hyssop, and I will be clean; wash me, and I will be whiter than snow. 8 Let me hear joy and gladness; let the bones you have crushed rejoice. 9 Hide your face from my sins and blot out all my iniquity. 10 Create in me a pure heart, O God, and renew a steadfast spirit within me. 11 Do not cast me from your presence or take your Holy Spirit from me. 12 Restore to me the joy of your salvation and grant me a willing spirit, to sustain me. (Psalm 51:1-12, NIV)

a. David mourned deeply over his sins and threw himself at the mercy of God because He knew that God is full of compassion. b. In his mourning, David repented of his sins and asked God to “create in me a clean heart”. He asked God to “renew a steadfast spirit” within him. He asked God to clean him from inside and make him new again. c. When we truly repent, God responds: 1Blessed is the one whose transgressions are forgiven, whose sins are covered. 2 Blessed is the one whose sin the LORD does not count against them and in whose spirit is no deceit. (Psalm 32:1,2, NIV)

7. This is what Jesus meant when He said, “Blessed are those who mourn, for they shall be comforted.”

8. The blessing is in the forgiveness we receive from God when we mourn over our sins and come to God asking for forgiveness.

9. However, if you refuse to confess your sins and refuse to repent, then you will live in misery. 3When I kept silent, my bones wasted away through my groaning all day long. 4 For day and night your hand was heavy on me; my strength was sapped as in the heat of summer. (Psalm 32:3-4, NIV) The guilt of your sins will be heavy on you and it will eventually destroy you.

10. But, when you confess your sins to God, you will receive His forgiveness and a lifting of that heavy burden: 5Then I acknowledged my sin to you and did not cover up my iniquity. I said, “I will confess my transgressions to the LORD.” And you forgave the guilt of my sin. (Psalm 32:5, NIV)

11. Then, like king David, we can sing: 7You are my hiding place; you will protect me from trouble and surround me with songs of deliverance. (Psalm 32:7, NIV) >>>